Land of Abundance, South of Clouds


General Information of Chengdu

Another Name: Land of Abundance (天府之国 in Chinese)

Location: located at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and sits on the Chengdu Plain
Population: over 10 million





Lovely Panda in Chengdu City

Interesting in Chengdu

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Introduction of Chengdu


Chengdu China is the capital of Sichuan Province. Known as the hibiscus city or the brocade city, Chengdu has been a famous cultural center with age-old colorful traditions for the past 2,500 years in Chinese history. Being the natural habitat of giant pandas, Chengdu enjoys temperate climate and plentiful products.


Chengdu Culture
local famous art--Changing Face which is a famous program in Sichuan Opera

Changing Face in Sichuan Opera

Native Language

The native language in Chengdu China is Sichuanese, otherwise referred as Sichuan dialect. More precisely, "Chengdu Dialect" is widely used in lieu of "Sichuanese" due to the largely different accents of Sichuanese speakers residing elsewhere.


Food Culture

People from Chengdu tend to eat spicy food. Local specialties include Mapo tofu), Chengdu Hot pot, and Dan Dan Mien. All three dishes are spicy. Mapo Tofu and Dan Dan Mien contain Sichuan peppers to give them additional flavor.


Sichuan Opera

Sichuan opera is an important part of Chengdu culture. It began in the Qing Dynasty as a combination of five operatic tunes introduced from other regions. Retaining the Sichuan dialect, the role of Chou (Clown) covers a comparatively large part of the performance. Its varied performances, such as Bianlian (Changing faces), Gundeng (Rolling lamps) and Tuhuo (Spitting fire) are very popular. And Bianlian (Changing faces) is famous even overseas for its mysterious techniques.


Famous Attractions in Chengdu

Pandas in the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding and Research Center



1. Wolong National Natural Reserve: Wolong Panda Reserve in the east of Mt. Qionglai, and a 3-hours’ drive from Chengdu, is a comprehensive state natural reserve of 200,000 hectares. It is the earliest, largest and best-known panda reserve in China.


2. Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area: Jiuzhaigou Valley is a great masterpiece of nature having dreamlike scenery. It combines blue lakes, waterfalls, verdant forests, snow-covered mountains, and the folk customs of the Tibetan and Qiang peoples.


3. Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area: The 'World Wonder' and 'Fairy Land on Earth' are names enjoyed by the Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area, which is well known for its colorful lakes, snow clad mountains, valleys and virgin forest.


4. Chengdu Panda Breeding and Research Center: Located just 10km away from downtown Chengdu, it has been created and imitated the pandas' natural habitat in order that they might have the best possible environment for rearing and breeding.


5. Thatched Cottage of Du Fu: Thatched Cottage of Du Fu is a shrine to Chinese literature and a commemorative museum in the form of a traditional garden, in memory of Du Fu, a a very famous poet in the Tang Dynasty.


6. Mt. Qingcheng: Mt. Qingcheng, located in the southwest of the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project of China in Sichuan Province, is one of the most famous Taoist mountains in China. It is also a very attractive and intriguing scenic spot that is covered by luxuriant and verdant trees.


7. Dujiangyan Irrigation Project of China: Dujiangyan is the oldest and only surviving no-dam irrigation system in the world and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. The project consists of three important parts, namely Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou.


8. Wuhou Memorial Temple: Wuhou Memorial Temple is dedicated to Zhuge Liang, the Martial Marquis of Shu in the Three Kingdoms. The main body of the temple is divided into five sections, all of which run south to north. Inside, clay sculptures of Shu Emperor and ministers stand together, making them a special feature.


9. Jinli Street: Jinli Street, located to the east of the Wuhou Memorial Temple of Chengdu, which is the most famous Three Kingdoms period (220 - 280) relic museum in China, is particularly representative of this city. It is known as “First Street of the Shu Kingdom”.


10. Sanxingdui (Three-Star Piles) Museum: Sanxingdui Museum is located in Northeast of Sanxingdu archeological site, west of the famous cultural city of Guanghan, 40 kilometers north of Chengdu City. Itis an archeological museum with excellent modern facilities.


Food in Chengdu

Famous Chengdu dish--Kung Pao Chicken

Kung Pao Chicken


Sichuan Cuisine
Sichuan cuisine has developed over the centuries. Its distinctive flavors entice people throughout China and recently in foreign countries. Sichuan cuisine is famous for piquancy, but its flavoring is complex as well as hot. Typical dishes include:


1. Ma Po Tofu: one of the most influential flavors of Sichuan cuisine, served in every Sichuan restaurant. Chen Ma Po's Bean Curd Restaurant at No. 197, West Yulong Street serves the most delicious and local one. For hundreds of years, Ma Po's Bean Curd has been popular among people all over China, even throughout the world.

2. Kung Pao Chicken: a specialty of Sichuan cuisine, diced chicken, hot pepper and peanuts.

3. Fish Flavored Shredded Pork: fish-flavored dish in the unique style of Sichuan cuisine. Ingredients include shredded pork, agarics, bamboo shoot and carrot. The delicious dish has no fish but has the flavor of fish.

4. Twice Cooked Spicy Pork Slices: A traditional Sichuan dish. The tasty pork slices are fried crisp without greasiness.


When people think of Chengdu, they immediately think of hotpot. Introduced from Chongqing, Chengdu hotpot has its own style ranging from simple spicy to moderate, three or four kinds of spices, as well as fish head hotpot, medical herbs hotpot, etc. Huangcheng Laoma Restaurant, regarded as No. 1 among Chengdu hotpot restaurants, is highly recommended. It is situated at No. 20, Qintai Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu.


Chengdu Snacks
Hidden in the streets and lanes of Chengdu, snack bars still send out savory flavors. The most renowned snacks include:


1. Fu Qi Fei Pian (Braised Cow Lungs): Actually beef, heart and tongue take the place of lungs. This tasty dish is made with particular condiments using a delicate process.

2. Chuan Chuan Xiang: also called Ma La Tang, vegetables, sausages, shrimps and anything edible can be threaded onto a bamboo stick and cooked in the hot pot.

3. Lai Tang Yuan (Lai's Glutinous Rice Ball): the nutritious glutinous rice ball made by Lai (Surname of the maker) is soft and sweet.


4. Long Chao Shou (Long Wonton): with thin skin and tender stuffing, the savory snack is popular among locals and tourists. There are several branches in Chengdu


Shopping in Chengdu

The artwork of Shu Brocade and Embroidery which was born in Chengdu

Jinli Street in Chengdu


Though not as famous as Hong Kong, Chengdu, too, is a shopping paradise characterized by the ancient culture of Shu which presents visitors a truly local flavor.


Shu Brocade and Embroidery
Shu Brocade features various colors and a unique technique for extracting colors from plants. Several hundred designs are used by the minority nationalities in southwest China. Silk-woven, but durable, the brocade has a soft feel.


Shu Embroidery has enjoyed a reputation for superb craftsmanship. With a unique technique and elegant colors, the products look like Chinese ink and wash paintings embroidered on satins. One masterpiece in the Great Hall of the People is called the Cottonrose Hibiscus and the Carp.


Lacquer wares
With a history dating back to the Spring and Autumn Period (475B.C.-221 B.C.) and the Warring States Period (221B.C.-207 B.C.), Chengdu lacquer ware is renowned for its ability to resist corrosion and aging, and for its unique gloss. When the Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tombs were uncovered in 1972, a large number of exquisite Chengdu- lacquer ware pieces were discovered. Visitors are astonished that their brilliant appearance has remained for over 2,000 years.


Silver Inlaid Products and Bamboo Products
Chengdu silver inlaid products are made with silver threads no thicker than 3mm inlaid on silver background. Delicately shaped, the silver inlaid products appear on screens, tea wares and vases.
Bamboo can actually be woven around porcelain roughcast. This amazing technique can be seen in Chengdu China in various bamboo products, such as bamboo sticks, baskets and fans.


Nightlife in Chengdu

Night view of famous Chengdu food street--Jinli Street

Jinli Street in Chengdu


Chengdu China is famous for its thick characteristic of leisure and enjoyment. From traditional teahouses, theaters to modern pubs and clubs, Chengdu people know how to enjoy the night. Every corner in Chengdu China offers the warmest welcome.


Jinli, a recreational and cultural street
Located in No. 2, Xin Guanghua Jie, Chengdu, Jinli is a street that reflects the diversity and beauty of Sichuan folk customs and culture. Numerous teahouses, guesthouses, bars, pubs and outlets selling tasty local delicacies and crafts make this attractive street a popular tourist destination. Jinli's true beauty can be seen at dusk. The setting sun melts slowly onto the roofs of the houses and the red lanterns burn dreamily.


Tea Houses
As the saying goes, Tea houses of Sichuan rank first in the world, while those of Chengdu rank first in Sichuan. Tea houses play an important role in the lives of Chengdu natives. Distributed throughout the city, tea houses are far more than places for drinking tea. They are places for relaxation and social activities, and even more, as a reflection of local life.


Pubs and Clubs
While featuring the culture of ancient Shu, as a blooming business center and primary metropolis of Southwest China, Chengdu China is endowed with modern flavors. Pubs and clubs are primarily in busy streets such as Renmin South Road and west of Yangshi Street. Cafes, discos, karaoke bars, ballrooms, and bowling alleys are also here.


Chengdu Travel Guide: China Travel Tips for Chengdu Tour


Best Time to Visit Chengdu China
Beautigul scenery of Emei Mountain, a famous mountain in Chengdu city

Emei Mountain


In warm spring, the best time to vist Chengdu, going for a walk in spring or going out for sightseeing is all right. In hot summer, Mt.Qingcheng, Xiling Snow Mountain, Mt. Tiantai and Longchi Forest Park are ideal places to escape the summer heat. Summer is also the season when giant pandas are most active. Along with Chengdu spring, autumn is also the best time to visit Chengdu. The autumn sceneries at Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong are among the most beautiful scenic spots in China. Undoubtedly, the magnificent view in Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong will make you reluctant to leave. Winter in Chengdu is not too cold, but appreciating wonderful snowscape in Xiling Snow Mountain is also a good choice.


Information on Chengdu Transport

By Air

Chengdu China has one airport, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (CTU), in the southwest of Chengdu City. It is about 20 kilometers from the center of Chengdu City. The facilities in the airport are complete. CTU offers flights to more than 70 domestic cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xian. International flights include service to over 20 cities.


By Train

As the largest railway hub in southwest China, Chengdu China has convenient railway transportation. The Chengdu Railway Station, namely Chengdu North Railway station, transports thousands of passengers back and forth everyday. It has scheduled trains with these major cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xian, Lhasa, Urumqi, etc. There are also ten high-speed D-trains departing here to Chongqing North Railway Station, taking 2 to 2.5 hours on the way.

By Long-distance Bus

Chengdu China has several main coach stations including Chengdu Bus Station, New South Gate Bus Station, Ximen Bus Station, Dongmen Bus Station, Chadianzi Bus Station, Beimen Bus Station, and Gaosuntang Bus Station.


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