General Information of Nanjing

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Name: Nanjing or Nanking
Location: Lies on the south bank of Yangtze River, Nanjing is in the middle part of China.

Nanjing, one of ancient four capitals in China, is regarded as the most important city in middle China. Nanjing was the ancient capital for 7 dynasties in Chinese history and also of the Republic of China governed by Dr. Sun Yat-sun. Nanjing in Chinese means a Southern Capital so that you could easily find the important status of Nanjing China.

Nanjing History


The history of Nanjing China stretches back more than 6,000 years to the time of the first homo-sapien activity in the area. In fact, Nanjing at this time was just a tiny village but not a city of China. Nanjing firstly became a capital of China in 229 CE, where Sun Quan of the Wu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms Period relocated its capital to Jianye. In next years, other many dynasties in Chinese history, such as Dongji, Song, Qi, Liang and Chen had chosen Nanjing as the capital.

Nanjing governed by Ming Dynasty was the most fabulous period. It is believed that Nanjing was the largest city in the world from 1358 to 1425 with a population of 487,000 in 1400. The first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang constructed what was the longest city wall in the world at that time. It took 200,000 laborers 21 years to finish the project of Nanjing City Wall. The present-day city wall of Nanjing was mainly built during that time and it is the longest surviving city wall in the world.


Nanjing was selected as a new capital of the Republic of China in 1912 by the success of Xinhai Revolution with Dr. Sun Yat-sen as the first provisional president. In 1927, the Kuomintang established Nanjing as the capital of the Republic of China. In 1937, Japan invaded China for the second time, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War. Their troops occupied Nanjing in December and carried out the systematic and brutal Nanking massacre. Today, Nanjing is a well known historical and cultural city in China.

Nanjing Culture


Nanjing culture is various and owns much to its long history of being ancient capitals for 9 dynasties. As a result, three cultures with distinctive characteristics may be witnessed in Nanjing: the culture of the Six Dynasties, the culture of the Ming Dynasty and the culture of the Republic of China.

Nanjing culture could be found in lots of museums in Nanjing as well. There are more than 70 different kinds of museums and memorial halls in Nanjing China. Nanjing Museum, Nanjing City Museum, Nanjing Massacre Museum, Memorial Hall of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, you could easily read the history and culture of Nanjing during your visit to those museums.

Moreover, you could join in lots of cultural festival and activities in Nanjing all year around. In spring, you could enjoy the beautiful plum blossom by Nanjing International Plum Blossom Festival. In summer, you could experience the rustic charm of picking grapes by Jiangxinzhou Islet Grape Festival. In autumn, you could pick up a lucky stone by Rain Flower Pebble Art Festival. In winter, you could hear the bell to greet New Year in Qixia Temple. You will witness Nanjing culture by yourself.

Attractions in Nanjing China


Nanjing is not only boasted for its historical and cultural attractions but also natural attractions around China. Among all attractions in Nanjing China, there are 4 must-see attractions. Hereby, we would like to introduce one by one.

No.1 Must-see Attraction in Nanjing China- Dr. Sun Yat sen's Mausoleum


Dr. Sun Yat sen’s Mausoleum is located at the foot of Mt. Zijing in Nanjing China.
The majestic mausoleum’s construction was started in 1926 and completed in 1929, 4 years after Dr. Sun’s death. The whole Mausoleum represents an alarm bell as seen from the air, symbolizing the noble spirit and heroic efforts of Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s devotion to the Chinese people, fight of oppression and wining the independence of China. Facing south, the structures, along with the mountain ascends gradually along with the central axis line running from south to the north and is regarded as the most outstanding mausoleum in Chinese modern architectural history.

No.2 Must-see Attraction in Nanjing China- Qinhuai River


Qinhuai River, a branch of the great Yangtze River, is 110 kilometers in length and covers a drainage area of 2,631 square kilometers. It is said that the river was channeled to the city of Nanjing during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang so that it was named as Qinhuai River from then on. Qinhuai River is the largest river in Nanjing. There are many famous spots along the banks of the Qinhuai River, including Confucius Temple, Zhanyuan Garden, Zhonghua Gate, and the sights along the Taoye Ferry ride to Zhenhuai Bridge. Moreover, you could take a painted boat to cruise on the Qinhuai River at different wharfs. You can not only admire the scenery along the river but also experience the traditional culture of Nanjing.

No.3 Must-see Attraction in Nanjing China- Nanjing Confucius Temple


Different from other Confucius Temples in China, Nanjing Confucius Temple remains a lot of original buildings of Ming and Qing dynasties, once used for the imperial examination testing center in ancient China. It was also a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great philosopher and educator of ancient China. The area around the temple consists of a series of tourist shops, snack bars, restaurants and tea cafes. They all appear to be in the architectural style of the Ming and Qing style. If you are interesting in, you could stop over to see.

No.4 Must-see Attraction in Nanjing China-Nanjing City Wall


Nanjing City Wall is constructed during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties between 1365 and 1386, originally stretched over 30km which made it the longest city wall in the world. Later than Xian City Wall, Nanjing City Wall with about two thirds of the wall still remains the longest city wall in China.

Nightlife in Nanjing


Nighlife in Nanjing is as colourful as what is in big cities of China, such as Beijing , Shanghai and Hong Kong. You will find a lot of bars, clubs and teahouses in Nanjing.

Where is the liveliest place in Nanjing after 10 p.m.? The fashion elites in Nanjing would reply, "Nanjing 1912." Like Xintiandi in Shanghai, Nanjing 1912 is a street of bars and clubs while a blend of the old days in China and the modern styles of the West. Gray-bricked buildings, simple-styled balconies, floral-carved windows and pinnacle tops picture the old China. Today, western culture has seeped in Nanjing. Nanjing 1912 is a place with world-branded coffee shops such as Starbucks, the Coffee Beanery, and Kathleen Five, Japanese and Korean restaurants, Asian-famous spas and beauty salons.

Enjoying night scene of Gongyuan Street is another way to spend your nightlife in Nanjing. You could walk through the crowded Hunan Lu dining and shopping area to satisfy your palate with all sorts of delicious food. The night scene of the street is also beautiful.

Nanjing Food


Nanjing has lots of special foods. Some of these food are unique to Nanjing and others are found all over China but get a special twist in Nanjing. In fact, Nanjing people is fond of duck very much. You will find many special cooking way of ducks in Nanjing. Nanjing is also named as Duck Capital for its making of ducks.

First of all, the most famous Nanjing food is Duck Blood Soup. This soup contains congealed blocks of ducks blood and thin noodles made from sweet potato starch. The name of this soup may sound odd to foreigners who might wonder how the blood and soup is combined. Actually Chinese people do eat the blood of duck, goose and chicken but in a unique way. This Nanjing food is on the top of all travelers' recommendations.

Then you should not miss Salted Soup Duck and Pressed Duck in Nanjing. The difference between Salted Soup and Pressed Duck is the taste. The duck meat of the first style tastes fresh and tender while the latter tastes tight and pliable.

Besides ducks, Tofu pudding and Fried Spring Onion Pancake is also very popular by Nanjing people.


Shopping in Nanjing


For an oversea visit to Nanjing, I am sure that you should be much more interesting in local souvenir shops rather than fashion shopping malls in Nanjing. First of all, imitation ancient ivory carvings are very popular and top recommended for your shopping in Nanjing. They may depict figures, animals and vessels. Look around the Confucius Temple area for pretty ivory carvings. Secondly, if you are a women visitor, I think the traditional satin which was popular during the Ming and Qing Dynasty in Nanjing might be more suitable for you. Be remembering that the traditional cloud-pattern brocade is the most famous. Sure, you could choose velvet in tapestry, cushions, rugs, clothing and upholstery which is traditionally made and crafted in Nanjing. Last but not the least, Yuhua Pebbles, mainly found in Yuhua Terraces (Yuhuatai), is a unique tourist souvenir to Nanjing. They are polished agates and are used for jewelry. In fact, if you want to wonder around some modernized shopping center in Nanjing, Xinjiekou, Hunan Road and Qinhuai River and Confucius Temple area are your best choices.


Nanjing Travel Guide

  Nanjing Travel Tips 1: Best time to visit Nanjing


Nanjing has a humid subtropical climate with plenty of rainfall all over the year. Four seasons are distinct in Nanjing, with hot summers and cold winters. The spring is warm and humid, and the rainy season falls on June and July. In summer, Nanjing is very hot. Autumn is a short but the most pleasant season. Though considered a southern city in China, Nanjing is cold in winter with occasional snow.

Nanjing Travel Tips 2: City Transportation in Nanjing


Like most big cities in China, Nanjing is also famous for its convenient city transportation, from taxi, bus and subway.

Taxi is the easiest transportation you could take in Nanjing. Taxi fare starts a 9 RMB (about 1.30 USD) and you can get around in the city for about 20 RMB.

There are air-conditioned bus and non-air bus in Nanjing. Moreover, you will find some tourist bus routes that are marked with the Chinese symbol for the word travel that go mainly to the tourist spots.

Metro network in Nanjing was established since 2005 with two main lines which cover the most center part of Nanjing. For visitors, you could choose the new metro line which could help you to avoid the crowded buses. The tourists could still see the scenic spots in this area.

Some of the taxi drivers and people trying to sell you tickets at the bus stations (called touts) or metro stations may try to take advantage of tourists by giving counterfeit money in change. So it is suggested that you carry small bills for taxis, and don’t let a driver or tout switch your real money for fake money. It is also recommended that you don’t buy tickets from touts because they may either overcharge or they may give you a ride on a bus that doesn’t actually enter the airport area but stops outside somewhere.

Nanjing Travel Tips 3: How to travel to Nanjing


Nanjing is not a traditional tourist city in China as famous as Beijing, Xian and Shanghai while Nanjing is worthwhile to visit. Nanjing is very close to Suzhou, Shanghai and Hangzhou. You could take Nanjing as an extension tour from Suzhou or Shanghai for 1-2 days. It only takes you 1 hour from Suzhou to Nanjing by high speed train and around 3 hour from Shanghai.

Nanjing is a traditional Chinese city with history and culture while a new Chinese city with modernized building and western atmosphere. Nanjing is a very choice for your China travel and attracts many visitors all round the world.

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