Quanzhou

General Information of Quanzhou

Interesting in Quanzhou

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Area: Southeast China

 

Population: 7.9 million

 

Culture of Quanzhou City

 

Quanzhou is rich in history and culture, with a lot of places of historical interests and world-known cultural relics. In Quanzhou, there are 12 state protected historic sites, and 27 provincial heritage conservation units. Quanzhou is also known as "the Biggest Port in the Orient" and the starting point on the "Silk Road of the Sea". Since ancient times, different religions have been in harmony with each other, and eastern and western culture has gathered together. Particularly, Buddhism, Taoism and Manichaeism have had their influence here. Many of the religious relics are of great historic and artistic value, adding a unique cultural landscape to Quanzhou.

 

Attractions of Quanzhou

 

Kaiyuan Temple: Built in 686 on Xijie Street of urban Quanzhou, it was called the Lianhua, Xingjiao, and Longxing temple before it got the present name in 738. It is a national historical relic under key state protection.


Qingjing Mosque: Also known as the Grand Aisuhazi Mosque, it was buit in 1009 on Tumen Street in urban Quanzhou. Both the builder and re-builder were Muslim structure in China is inthe Arab style of West Aisa. In the area of 2,100 square meters stands the gate tower, which is flanked by the Hall of Prayer on the west and Zhusheng Pavilion on the east. To the northwest is the Mingshan Hall, a three-bay structure with a series of two courtyards, used as the Lesser Hall of Prayer. To the right of the Mingshan Hall are a reception room and an exhibition hall displaying Muslim historical materials.

 

Holy Muslim Tombs: They are to be found at the southern foot of Mount Lingshan outside the East Gate of Quanzhou. According to The Book of Fujian, four disciples of Mohammed, the founder of Islam, came to preach in China. The third and fourth disciples were buried in Mount Lingshan after death. Their tombs are two of the oldest, best-preserved holy resting places in the Muslim world.

 

Shopping in Quanzhou

 

Quanzhou is the famous home town for overseas Chinese, but you can still buy many traditional Chinese things here. Longan, which is found here, is a precious fruit famous for its tenderness and sweetness, and dried Longan--Guiyuan is one of the most nourishing foods. As Quanzhou is not a large city, it has no big shopping malls, but you can still buy many daily necessities on Zhongshan Road and at other shopping centers. Zhongshan Pedestrian Street is a good place to buy clothes, shoes and other items at reasonable prices.


Souvenir: Dehua Porcelain Dehua County of Quanzhou is one of the three ‘Capitals of Porcelain’ in China (the other two are Jingdezhen of Jiangxi and Liling of Hunan). Dehui porcelain is known to be as glossy and as fine as ivory. It is said that Dehui porcelains have been exported abroad as early as the Northern Song Dynasty and also during the Ming Dynasty.

 

Yongchun Paper Woven Painting: With a history of more than 1,400 years (almost originating from the Tang Dynasty), the paper woven paintings of Yongchun County reflect a special traditional handicraft, sharing the same fame with the Hangzhou silk woven paintings, the Suzhou cut silk paintings and the Sichuan bamboo curtain paintings.


Shopping Area 1: Zhongmin Department Store


Located in the prosperous city center, Zhongmin Department Store is a large retail enterprise where you can buy many brand goods here, such as clothes, watches, shoes, glasses, jewelry, cosmetics and so on.

 

Address: 82 Tumen Street


Transportation: Take city bus No. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 18, 19, 203, 26, 31, 32 or 602 and take off at Guandi Temple Station

 

Shopping Area 2: Xinhuadu


Located on Zhongshan Pedestrian Street, Xinhuadu sells many discount brand goods, especially clothes, so it is popular among young people.

 

Address: Pedestrian Street in Fengze Square

 

Transportation: Take city bus No. 30 and take off at Taihe Hotel Station

 

Quanzhou Food

 

The cuisine of the seaport city of Quanzhou has been influenced by many different cultures, some even overseas. Cooks use the local seaside provender and exotic methods to create a variety of special dishes. Among these dishes, the most famous are local appetizers. Their popularity has spread to other countries in south and east Asia. The following is a sampler of Quanzhou's more famous recipes.


Kezai Jian (Fried Oyster): This is a traditional snack cooked with big, fleshy oysters and fresh leeks. The oysters are mixed with the leeks and sweet potato powder together with clear water and pan fried for about two minutes. Then they are sprinkled with some lard, soy and vinegar and turned over several times in the pan. Finally, the oysters are topped with a fried egg. You can add more flavors to this dish by adding shallots and pepper.

 

Tusun Dong (Frozen Siphon Worm): Tusun is a kind of eatable insect about four inches long living on the sandy shores. Locals often remove the insects' haslets and boil only their outer bodies in clear water. The pectin inside the insects' bodies is then mixed with water and frozen. After freezing, the mixture takes the form of a pure white jelly. When eating the frozen jelly, you can boost its flavor by adding vinegar, sweet catsup, garlic, tomatoes or any condiment you wish.


Mianxian Hu (Noodles in Soup): This dish is a soup that is prepared with oysters, shrimps and mussels on a slow fire. Thin noodles are then added. The dish is complete when the noodles become mushy and blend with the soup. Sometimes, mushrooms and fish fillets are added to make the dish even more delicious.

 

Rouzong (Pyramid-Shaped Dumplings Made of Pork): These dumplings are made with many ingredients including not only pork and glutinous rice, but also mushrooms, chestnuts, lotus seeds, ham and chicken. Rouzong tastes rich and sweet, but not greasy. You can add some gingili sauce or garlic if you like.


Shenhu Yuwan (Fish Pellet): This dish is quite representative of Quanzhou cuisine. Fish pellets are made by mixing eel meat and sweet potatoes powder with egg whites. They can be formed round, rectangular or even in the shape of a fish. The pellets are boiled in water, then covered with hot chicken soup and sprinkled with peppers, garlic and coriander leaves. The pellets are snow-white and tender and have a crisp, delicate taste.

 

Quanzhou has more snacks worthy of tasting, such as the crisp Chunbing cake, the multi-flavored Nenbing cake, the sweet peanut kernel soup and the soft noodles with meat and gravy. Quanzhou also has a Delicious Food Street where you can enjoy all of the local snacks as well as famous dishes from other cities including Canton, Xiamen, Fuzhou, Taipei, and Singapore. Delicious Food Street is near Tumen and Jinhuai streets in the Licheng district. Many city buses go there including No.17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 26, and 27.
 

Recommend Restaurants in Quanzhou:


Shuimen Guozai Restaurant

 

Specialties: local snacks

 

Addresses: No.21, Shuimen Lane 

 

No.115, Wenling Food Street

 

Zhanyou Delicious Food City


Specialties: local dishes, Sichuan cuisine, Hunan cuisine and hot pot

 

Address: No.7-14, Wenling Central Market, Wenling Food Street


Yiqing Delicious Food City


Specialties: local dishes and snacks of other cities

 

Address: No.101-108, Wenling Food Street

 

Western Restaurant


Greenland Western Restaurant


Addresses: 1st floor, Fengze Shopping Center, Fengze District
near the Qingjing Mosque, Tumen Street, Licheng District


Vegetarian Restaurant


Bodhi Tree Restaurant


Address: No.93, Chengtian Lane, Licheng District

 

Quanzhou Travel Guide

 

Quanzhou Travel Tips 1: Transportation in Quanzhou

 

Air Transport: The airport in Quanzhou lies east of Donghuan Road, Jinjiang City, which is only about 12 kilometers (7.45 miles) from Quanzhou. The airport in Jinjiang has launched dozens of flight routes connecting to Beijing, Zhoushan, Shanghai, Nanjing, Tianjin, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Kunming, Chengdu, Changsha, Xi'an, Wenzhou, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Manila in the Philippines. It has one of the top 50 airport throughputs in China.

 

Waterway: There are non-top buses in the port of Shijing in Quanzhou heading to the central city as early as 8 o'clock or 9 o'clock, with ticket prices from 7 RMB to 15 RMB. It takes about 60 to 90 minutes to get there.

 

If people miss the non-stop bus, they can take a bus to Shuitou where there are non-stop buses to Quanzhou. The bus leaves every 12 minute, with a full fare of 7 RMB or so. It takes about one hour to the destination.

 

Highway: There are 6 passenger stations in the central city of Quanzhou, including the Central Passenger Station, the New Passenger Station, the Old Passenger Station, the West Passenger Station, the East Passenger Station and Fengze Passenger Station.

 

Currently, buses going to other cities in Fujian Province leave from the Central Station while those going to the surrounding areas leave from the New Passenger Station.


The New Passenger Station is at the crossing of Wenling Road and Quanxiu Road, and the Central Passenger Station is at the crossing of Pingshan Road and Quanxiu Road.


Railway: Quanzhou Railway Station is quite small, with only 3 routes to Ganzhou, Wuyi Mountain and Longyan. People can take Bus 19, Bus 7, Bus 25 or Bus 23 in the central city of Quanzhou in the direction of Huaqiao University. They can also take a bus whose destination is Huian to the railway station.

 

China Travel in Quanzhou: Best Time to Visit Quanzhou

 

A line from a poem describes the characteristic climate of Quanzhou vividly. It says, " there are flowers all the year round with frequent rains; however, there is sometimes thunder without snow" . The best months to visit Quanzhou are September, October and November every year.

   
December, January and February are winter in Quanzhou, with with an annual average temperature of 18 to 20°C. The weather is usually cold and wet, with occasional snow and frost. This is not a good season for tourists. Summer arrives in May, and there are plum rains in May and June, bringing both poetic romance and mugginess to Quanzhou. July and August are the hottest times in Quanzhou with frequent storms and typhoons. However, the rain makes Quanzhou cooler and more refreshing.
  

Quanzhou has clear days starting in September. After October, autumn comes and the hot weather in Quanzhou becomes bearable. The clear weather usually lasts until November. This period of time is the best time for tourists.

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